High-Quality Periodontics in Granite Bay, CA
Periodontal disease is the official name for gum disease. It is most commonly the result of poor oral hygiene. A lack of regular brushing, flossing, and rinsing allows plaque, and eventually tartar, to build up around the gums. Over time, this irritates the gums until they become infected by bacteria. If left untreated, the diseased gums will eventually allow the teeth in the infected area to become loose. Gum disease is linked to most tooth loss.
HOW CAN I PREVENT PERIODONTAL DISEASE?
Even though gum disease is quite common, it is, fortunately, fairly easily prevented. The number one fighter of gum disease is good oral hygiene. A patient who will be dedicated to daily brushing, flossing, and rinsing will likely be a patient with healthy gums.
HOW DO I KNOW IF I HAVE PERIODONTAL DISEASE?
- Do your gums bleed when you eat, brush, or floss?
- Do you have teeth that are loose that shouldn’t be?
- Is there a new gap between your teeth that didn’t exist before?
- Do you struggle with chronic bad breath?
- Have you noticed infection or pus around your gums or teeth?
- Have you noticed that your gums are puffy or red?
- Have you experienced any soreness, tenderness, or discomfort in your gums?
Any one of these symptoms could be an indicator of periodontal disease. It is recommended that you contact your office soon for an appointment and additional evaluation by your dentist. Dr. Nader Zanzi and his staff will also be watchful for any symptoms of gum disease when you are in for a regularly planned exam.
TYPES OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE
Periodontal disease can be divided into three main categories:
- Gingivitis – In this early stage of periodontitis, a lack of oral hygiene allows built-up plaque to begin to irritate the gums. The patient will also notice sore and puffy gums. At times, the gums may bleed.
- Periodontitis – In this next stage, the untreated plaque has begun to harden and turn into tartar. Eventually, the result is the separation of the gums from the teeth. The separation allows air pockets to begin to form between the infected teeth and gums. As the condition worsens, those air pockets are likely to also become filled with infection and bacteria. The gums will become even more irritated and will likely bleed more than before. This is when the possibility for bone loss begins to set in.
- Advanced Periodontitis – As a result of bone loss and air pockets surrounding the infected gums, teeth will loosen more and there will be the real possibility of them falling out. The possibility also develops that there will be severe bone loss.
TREATMENTS FOR PERIODONTAL DISEASE
Your doctor will help determine a treatment depending upon the severity of the gum disease. If the gum disease is still in its early stages, usually a couple of deep cleanings at the office will solve the problem.
If the gum disease has progressed to something more severe, the doctor may prescribe the use of a procedure called scaling and root planing. This procedure will involve a thorough cleaning of any air pockets around the gums. This will be followed up by smoothing the rough spots on the root’s surface. Usually, the treated air pockets will close of their own accord after being cleaned out. If this does not happen, your doctor may recommend periodontal surgery to reduce the size of these pockets.
AVOIDING PERIODONTAL DISEASE ONCE YOU’VE HAD IT
Since plaque can turn to tartar in less than 24 hours, it is highly recommended that you be consistently dedicated to thorough brushing, flossing, and rinsing. If you have had a severe case of periodontal disease, Dr. Zanzi may recommend a more frequent schedule of dental exams. This will allow him to keep a closer eye on your gums and stop any developing periodontal disease in its earliest stages.